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Novena contains an LX45 attached to several buses, namely EIM, SPI, and I2C. It is configured by writing a .bit file over SPI.


For development, it is common to directly bitbang the hardware. Given a bitstream file "novena_fpga.bit", configure the FPGA by running:

sudo rmmod kosagi-fpga-driver
echo 135 | sudo tee /sys/class/gpio/export 2> /dev/null
echo out | sudo tee /sys/class/gpio/gpio135/direction 2> /dev/null
# Flip reset
echo 0 | sudo tee /sys/class/gpio/gpio135/value 2> /dev/null
echo 1 | sudo tee /sys/class/gpio/gpio135/value 2> /dev/null
sudo dd if=novena_fpga.bit of=/dev/spidev2.0 bs=128
# Turn on FPGA clock
sudo ./devmem2 0x020c8160 w 0x00000D2B


For production, wrap everything up in a kernel module. An example of a driver is at